Employment of Minors (Work Permit) - Employment Standards Service (ESS)
Minor Work Permit: Information you need to know
- Work permits are required for all minors under the age of 18 to work in the State of Maryland.
- Work permits are not issued to minors under the age of 14. (Unless the child is a model, performer or entertainer with a special permit (Word). Special permits are issued only by the Commissioner's Office.)
- Work permits are issued by the Division of Labor and Industry.
- Work permits are not issued until the minor has been offered a job.
- If the minor changes jobs, a new work permit must be obtained.
- Employers keep work permits on file for three years.
Minors 14 and 15 years of age may not be employed or permitted to:
- Work more than 4 hours on any day or more than 23 hours in any week when school is in session.
- Work more than 8 hours a day on any day or more than 40 hours in any week when school is not in session.
- Work before 7:00 a.m. or after 8:00 p.m. (minors may work until 9:00 p.m. from Memorial Day to Labor Day).
- Work more than 5 consecutive hours without a non-working period of at least 30 minutes.
Minors 16 and 17 years of age:
- May not spend more than 12 hours in a combination of school hours and work hours each day.
- Must be allowed at least 8 consecutive hours of non-work, non-school time in each 24 hour period.
- May not be permitted to work more than 5 consecutive hours without a non-working period of at least 30 minutes.
Certain occupations are declared to be hazardous by the U.S. Secretary of Labor and have been adopted by the Commissioner of Labor and Industry. The Commissioner has forbidden employment by minors under 18 in other occupations. Additional areas of employment are restricted to minors under the age of 16. Information on all of these areas of restricted employment is available from Issuing Officers in Maryland's secondary schools or from the Division of Labor and Industry. Find out more on the Employment of Minors Fact Sheet.
How to Obtain a Work Permit:
- The minor applies for a permit online and prints permit.
- The minor signs the permit.
- The minor's parent or guardian signs the permit.
- The employer signs the permit.
Apply for a Work Permit
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Maryland Minor Work Permit
Maryland Special Minor Work Permit
For additional information, contact:
Division of Labor and Industry