Division of Labor and Industry


MOSH Instruction 07-03 - Maryland Occupational Safety and Health (MOSH)

To: All MOSH Personnel
From: Roger Campbell, Assistant Commissioner
Subject: Local Emphasis Program (LEP) Struck/Crushed by Hazards in Construction
References: None
Purpose : This Instruction establishes a Local Emphasis Program for Struck/Crushed by Hazards in Construction
Scope: MOSH-wide
Cancellations: None
Effective Date: October 1, 2007
Expiration Date: One year from the effective date, unless replaced earlier by a new Instruction

By and Under the Authority of
Roger Campbell
Assistant Commissioner

I. Purpose
II. Scope
III. References
IV. Expiration
V. Action Information
A. Responsible Office
B. Action Office
C. Information Offices
VI. Action
VII. Background
VIII. Procedures
A. Inspection register
B. Site selection
C.  Complaints and referrals
IX. Recording in IMIS

Struck/Crushed by Hazards in Construction LEP

I. Purpose. This Instruction establishes an LEP for struck/crushed by hazards in the construction industry.

II. Scope. This Instruction applies to all Regional Offices.

III. References. None

IV. Expiration. This Instruction expires on September 30, 2008.

V. Action Information.

A. Responsible Office: Office of the Assistant Commissioner
B. Action Office: All Regional Offices
C. Information Office: Office of the Assistant Commissioner

VI. Action. MOSH compliance personnel shall ensure that the procedures contained in this directive are followed when conducting this LEP. The Regional Offices will implement the procedures described in section VIII of this Instruction in response to imminent dangers or serious struck/crushed by hazards that are identified on construction sites. The Regional Supervisors shall use the LEP as a basis for scheduling and conducting safety inspections of construction sites. This LEP is intended to be used on any construction site where struck/crushed by hazards have been alleged and/or identified to initiate safety inspections. These inspections may be expanded to comprehensive inspections of multi employer construction sites in accordance with the guidelines established in the FOM.

VII. Background. Construction has long been recognized as a high hazard industry and is one of the industries targeted in MOSH's Five Year Strategic Plan. The State has experienced significant construction activity in recent years. Accidents relating to struck/crushed by hazards are one of the leading causes of serious injuries and fatalities. It is believed through a local emphasis program that increases awareness and accelerates enforcement activity, injuries can be reduced. It is also recognized that a tracking mechanism for these type inspections would prove beneficial in monitoring the area of struck/crushed by hazards. In the past, many unprogrammed inspections have been conducted through CSHO self referrals, imminent danger complaints or through accident investigations. This LEP is designed to increase inspection activity, provide tracking, enhance expertise and formalize procedures.

VIII. Procedures. This LEP will be conducted throughout the State.

A. An inspection targeting system which encompasses identification of sites at the beginning of the quarter and the random selection of sites is not practical. Hazards related to struck/crushed by hazards on construction sites are normally transient and of limited duration. This limits the practicality of targeting the site in advance. Therefore, inspections conducted under this LEP would be initiated by several means: CSHO observance, non formal complaints, and referrals from other outside sources.

B. All work sites where struck/crushed by hazards are observed by compliance officers will be selected for inspection under this LEP. These sites shall include but shall not be limited to:

  1. Excavation/Trenching operations;
  2. Utility installations;
  3. Overhead work activities
  4. Equipment with rotating superstructures;
  5. Where equipment/vehicles are driven near employees on foot.
  6. Other activities which constitute potential struck/crushed by hazards and no protective systems are in use such as site clearing, road work, and dumping activities

When a job site with struck/crushed by hazards is noted during travel, the CSHO will notify the supervisor with the name of the contractor (if known) and the location of the site. The supervisor will determine if the site has been inspected within the last 30 days. If the site has not been inspected within the last 30 days, permission will be given to inspect the site. If the site has been inspected within the last 30 days, an inspection will be authorized only if an imminent danger appears to be present, or at the Regional Supervisor's discretion. These inspections will normally be limited to the imminent danger situation and plain view items. The CSHO will remain at the site to observe the abatement procedures and/or to assist with abatement methods. CSHOs will record these inspections as referral inspections.

A. A large number of struck/crushed by hazards are reported via referrals and complaints, both of a formal and a non formal nature. Formal complaints of struck/crushed by hazards on construction sites will continue to be scheduled before programmed inspections. Non formal complaints and referrals which would normally be handled by letters will be handled in accordance with paragraph VIII.B. above. Inspection history and the scope of the inspection will be handled in the same manner.

IX. Recording in IMIS. The IMIS identifier code to be used in item 25c on the OSHA-1 will be "CRSHSTRK".

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