Voluntary Quit - Section 8-1001 continued
B. Conditions of Employment
1. General Dissatisfaction with the Job
The claimant property manager resigned his employment after
two years to seek employment in another field because he
was no longer willing to cope with the hectic and demanding
nature of his job. The claimant was well aware of these
job conditions at the time of hire. The claimant has neither
good cause nor valid circumstances for resigning. Gisriel
v. Charles H. Steffey, Inc., 1085-BH-83.
The claimant police matron believed a secretary in the office was not
performing a sufficient amount of work and, on reporting
it, was told the matter would be taken care of. The claimant
resigned after becoming dissatisfied that her complaints
did not have a more obvious and dramatic effect. The claimant's
frustration with what she considered to be another employee's
failure to live up to the rules does not constitute good
cause or a valid circumstance. Lyons v. Baltimore
County Police Department, 16-BH-86.
The claimant's coworkers failed to act in a friendly manner towards her.
However, the employer is not required to provide a working
atmosphere in which coworkers are friendly toward the
claimant. The claimant left without good cause or valid
circumstances. Veney v. Greater S.E. Community Hospital, 409-BR-87.
The claimant voluntarily quit because she could not get along with
a coworker. This coworker was a son of one of the owners.
The employer was aware of the conflict and talked about
it with the claimant and the other employee. The claimant
stated that she could handle the situation. However, subsequently,
the claimant resigned. The claimant quit without good
cause or valid circumstances. There was insufficient evidence
that the claimant was harassed or treated unfairly.
McClain v. D and G Container, Inc., 187-BH-90.
The claimant misunderstood the position of secretary, which she took
in good faith, which resulted in the claimant spending
one-half of her time doing non-secretarial work. The claimant's
leaving was for valid circumstances. Wingate v. American
Trading and Production Corporation, 203-BR-87.
The claimant took a job, not understanding that her pre-existing medical
condition made it impossible for her to perform her job
duties. As soon as she realized that the job was medically
unsuitable, she quit. Since the job was, in fact, medically
unsuitable from the beginning, the quit was for good cause.
Dean v. Eddie's Cleaners, Inc., 1114-BR-92.
The claimant was not provided with a suitable work place or the necessary
equipment to do her job as a clerk typist, and she was
not given assignments commensurate with her job classification,
although she took steps to bring the problem to the attention
of her superiors to no avail. The claimant left for good
cause. Moore v. Department of the Army, 170-BH-89.
At the time of the claimant's hiring, he discussed with the employer
the fact that he was unfamiliar with the type of fork
lift used by the employer. Both parties agreed that the
claimant would try to learn the job. The claimant received
no training. After three weeks, the claimant found that
he could not use that type of fork lift, despite making
good faith efforts to learn, and he quit. The claimant
had good cause for quitting the job. Smith v. Circuit
City Stores, Inc., 1747-BR-93.
2. Hazardous Conditions
The claimant was required by his employer to violate state
and federal health and safety regulations in performing
his work (asbestos removal). The claimant walked off without
notice because he had already complained and had no expectation
that further complaints would lead to a better result.
The claimant quit with good cause. Hughes v. All State
The claimant truck driver resigned due to alleged safety problems with
his vehicle. However, the employer had repaired every
significant safety defect prior to the claimant's resignation.
The claimant quit for neither good cause nor valid circumstances.
Dalton v. Francis O. Day Company, Inc., 1025-SE-85.
The claimant did not prove that working with a person who has AIDS
endangered her health, thus her leaving was without good
cause or valid circumstances. Morris v. Maryland National
The claimant presented a medical certificate to indicate an allergic
reaction to a chemical used at the employer's premises,
and her doctor advised her to secure a new position where
she would not repeatedly come in contact with chemicals
and water. The claimant's leaving was for a good cause.
Deale v. Simpson Land Company, 390-SE-89.
The claimant felt that paint was causing his medical problems but did
not seek medical attention, never informed his employer
of the problems, and did not ask for a transfer. This
denied the employer any opportunity to check out the matter
or make corrections. The claimant left work voluntarily
without good cause or valid circumstances. Berry v.
Tnemec Company, Inc., 509-BR-89.
The claimant quit for good cause where she had repeatedly complained
to the employer that the employer's machine gave off fumes
that were very irritating to the claimant's eyes and throat,
but the employer failed to take any action to correct
the problem. After the claimant resigned, she filed a
complaint with MOSH, who notified the employer. Within
ten days of this notification, the employer notified MOSH
that it had corrected the problem. Hanna v. Clinton
Dental Lab, Inc., 956-BH-90.
The claimant was hired with the understanding that she would be working
in a nonsmoking office. Due to her sensitivity to smoke,
she would not have accepted the job otherwise. However,
the employer did not have a nonsmoking office. The claimant
voluntarily quit for good cause. Mardis v. The Baltimore
Sun, 211-BR-90. NOTE: This case was decided
prior to the promulgation of COMAR 09.12.23, effective
March 27, 1995, which prohibits smoking in an enclosed workplace.
The claimant conducted on-site repair of vending machines. He worked
his territory with another worker, who was terminated
and not replaced. Although the claimant was never robbed
or beaten on the job, he was threatened by people while
on the job, and he had seen armed men on the premises.
One manager carried a gun, and a dead body had been found
behind one of the buildings. The employer acknowledged
that the claimant's territory was definitely dangerous,
but he did not hire anyone to help the claimant, despite
repeated requests. Although going into dangerous neighborhoods
was part of the job, the claimant's requests that the
employer rehire someone to help him was not unreasonable,
given the dangerous nature of the area and the history
of using two or more men to serve the area. The claimant
quit without good cause, but with valid circumstances.
Smith v. Macke Laundry, 1661-BR-92.
3. Threats, Assaults and Crime
a. By Employer
The fact that an employee does not immediately quit after
being physically assaulted by her employer, when the assault
in itself was a sufficient reason to establish good cause,
does not mean that the reason she quit was not good cause.
Lockhart v. Lyschik, 300-BH-92.
b. By Coworkers
The claimant had good cause to resign where she was threatened
with serious bodily harm by a coworker, and the employer's
higher management refused to transfer or terminate the
offending coworker. The claimant took all reasonable steps
to alleviate the problem prior to resigning. Hickerson
v. McDonald's, 1245-BH-82.
4. Instability of Job or Business
The claimant voluntarily quit for good cause where the employer
was being taken over by the federal government and another
bank due to financial problems and where the claimant's
future there was uncertain. If the claimant had a job after
the takeover, it would have been under different conditions
and at reduced pay. The claimant's supervisor strongly advised
her to seek other employment, and she did so. Himes
v. Baltimore Federal Financial, 979-BH-90.
A claimant, who was informed that his job was coming to an end in
two weeks, and that he would be laid off, quit before
the two weeks were up and accepted an equivalent job elsewhere.
The claimant's reason for leaving was connected with the
total conditions of employment and constituted good cause.
Gaillot v. Lane Construction Corporation, 481-BR-92.
The claimant discovered that she was definitely going to be fired,
but that the employer was not going to tell her until
she could be replaced. The claimant, who was a good worker,
quit before she was fired. The claimant had good cause
connected with the work to quit her job. Butler v.
Circle Graphics, Inc., 852-BH-92.
Having been laid off from one office, the claimant commuted 27 miles
to another office and found that she was unable to earn
substantial commissions there. She was given a quota but
was unable to fulfill that quota, despite her best efforts,
and the employer's reminders of this had reached the point
where he was hinting that she was about to be let go.
These reasons taken together constitute a substantial
cause for leaving the job, thus qualifying as valid circumstances
under the law. Treadway v. Sovero Associates, Inc.,
The claimant's reason for leaving was that the employer's
contract would expire in a few weeks and the employer
could not guarantee continued employment after that.This
was a substantial cause connected with the conditions
of employment, which is a valid circumstance. Warren
v. Melwood Horticultural Training Center, Inc., 969-SE-93.
The claimant voluntarily quit because he was notified that the employer
would close in four weeks and because his responsibilities
and commissions were substantially decreased during the
last year due to poor business conditions. These reasons
are not good cause because the claimant quit while several
weeks of work were still available, and the change in
the claimant's responsibilities was due to economic conditions.
However, the impending demise of the business and loss
of commissions was a substantial cause. Therefore, the
claimant voluntarily quit without good cause, but with
valid circumstances. Bressler v. Maryland Metal Moulding
The claimant had an offer of work with the person who was planning
to buy the equipment from her current employer and start
up a new operation. Rather than wait for her current employment
to disappear, she moved to the new employer prior to being
discharged. The fact that the current employer was selling
its equipment and closing its operations was a substantial
cause, connected with the conditions of employment, and
therefore, was a valid circumstance. Woollard v. Peoples
Service Drug Stores, Inc., 1740-BR-92.
The claimant became aware that the business was about to be sold and
that the result would be his layoff. As a result, he attempted
to start his own business. Since the claimant came up
with his plan to become self-employed only after learning
that his regular job was coming to an end and he would
soon be left without work, the primary reason for the
resignation was the impending layoff and not the desire
to become self-employed. The claimant quit for valid circumstances.
Diggs v. F.E. Vale, Inc., 373-BR-86.
Although the employer was in a degree of financial trouble, the
claimant did not have any reasonable fear of an impending
layoff. The claimant did not meet the burden of showing
that she left for good cause or valid circumstances.
Humbert v. The Martin Pollak Project, 736-BH-87.
5. Leaving to Accept a Better Job
Voluntarily quitting one's job to accept better employment cannot constitute good cause within the
meaning of Section 8-1001 as a matter of law. Total Audio - Visual v. DLLR, 360 Md. 387,
395, 758 A.2d 124, 128 (2000)("[a] plain reading of Section 8-1001 makes clear that leaving
employment for a better paying job does not constitute 'good cause'.") It may, however, constitute
"valid circumstances" if it can be shown that the reasons for quitting meet the "necessitous or
compelling" test of Section 8-1001(c)(ii). Section 8-1001(c)(i) is inapplicable as a matter of law
in cases such as the one at bar. The Court of Appeals found, "[n]ot being directly related to,
attributable to or connected with the employee's employment or the actions of that employing unit,
offers of higher pay as an inducement to leave existing employment must fall, if at all into
This is a stricter test than the "good cause" test. Plein v. DLLR, 369 Md. 421 (2002).
Under this stricter test the Court of Appeals requires that more needs to be shown and that the
precipitating event or cause "would reasonably [have] impel[led] the average able-bodied qualified
worker to give up his or her employment." Total Audio - Visual, supra, quoting
Board of Educ. of Montgomery County v. Payner, 303 Md. 22, 29, 491 A.2d 1186, 1189-90
The Board's current interpretation of Total Audio - Visual, read in conjunction with
the Plein decision, finds that voluntarily quitting one's job for purely economic reasons
is neither "necessitous" nor "compelling" under Section 8-1001. To the extent that this
interpretation is inconsistent with Gagne v. Potomac Talking Book Services, Inc.,
374-BH-03, the Board overrules its prior precedent decision in Gaskins v. UPS, 1686-BR-00.
There must be a showing of something more connected with the conditions of the prior employment
which motivated the claimant to quit his or her job to better employment to constitute a valid
circumstance within the meaning of Section 8-1001. The Court of Appeals has stated, "Accepting more
money and changing jobs is as much of a gamble and thus, as much of a personal matter as going in
to business for oneself. In [the Court of Appeals'] view, it is unmistakably clear that Section
8-1001(a) was not designed to provide benefits when the precipitating cause for the voluntary
leaving of employment was for higher pay or a better job. Instead, it was designed to prevent
hardship to persons who lose their job "through no fault of their own." Plein v. DLLR, 369
Md. 421 (2002), quoting Total Audio - Visual.
In Plein, supra, the claimant was employed by Atlas Tile & Terrazo as a tile
setter's helper at a job paying $9.00 per hour. He accepted employment with Home Depot, U.S.A. as a
sales associate in the floor and wall department. The Home Depot job paid $12.00 per hour with the
prospect of receiving, after a waiting period, a health insurance plan and stock purchase options
and, after one year, two weeks vacation and sick leave. The claimant left his employment with
Atlas and began working at Home Depot on August 14, 2000. On September 27, 2000, the claimant was
laid off through no fault of his own. The Courts of Appeals found that the claimant was not
entitled to unemployment benefits under the "necessitous or compelling" test of Section 8-1001
under its interpretation and under the authority of Total Audio - Visual, 360 Md. 387,
400-01, 758, A.2d 124, 131-32 (2000).
The Court explained in Plein, "In Total Audio-Visual, this Court, albeit, and
perhaps significantly so, a sharply divided one, determined, and held that the General Assembly
did not intend that a person who voluntarily terminates his or her otherwise satisfactory
employment for other employment with better pay be eligible to receive unemployment benefits when
laid off through no fault of his or her own by the subsequent employer."
6. Leaving Part-Time Work
NOTE: Section 8-1001(a)(2) was added to the statute
October 1, 1995. It states that a claimant who is otherwise
eligible for benefits from the loss of full-time employment
may not be disqualified from the benefits attributable
to the full-time employment because the claimant voluntarily
quit a part-time employment, if the claimant quit the
part-time employment before the loss of the full-time employment.
The claimant was laid off from Bethlehem Steel where he earned $10.00
per hour for a 40 to 48 hour work week. While unemployed,
the claimant accepted part-time employment at the minimum
wage. The claimant resigned his part-time employment when
he was recalled by Bethlehem Steel. The claimant had good
cause for leaving the part-time job. Ratliff v. Taco Bell, 2067-BR-83.
C. Personal Problems and Beliefs
1. In General
a. Necessitous or Compelling
The claimant's abandonment of her job was due to urgent
and compelling personal circumstances. One of the claimant's
grandchildren had died under suspicious circumstances, and
she was concerned for her other two grandchildren. The claimant
quit with valid circumstances. Greenway v. Katzenberg Brothers, Inc., 1027-BR-89.
The claimant, who worked almost every weekend, was continually put in
the position of choosing between employment or maintaining
visitation rights with her son. She quit her job in order
to maintain visitation rights. The claimant voluntarily
quit without good cause, but with valid circumstances.
Sealock v. Turner Development Company, Inc., 928-BR-90.
The claimant quit her job due to compelling financial circumstances.
After suddenly being left as the sole support of her children,
the claimant made a serious effort to economically survive.
However, she found herself simply unable to afford living
in the area and left to move in with a relative who resided
out of state. The claimant quit her job without good cause,
but with valid circumstances. Durst v. W. Bell and
Company, Inc., 598-BR-90.
b. No Reasonable Alternative
The claimant voluntarily quit in order to help his parents
due to a family emergency. No one else could help the
claimant's parents. The claimant had no reasonable alternative
but to leave his job. The claimant voluntarily quit for
valid circumstances. Pyles v. Jems Contracting, Inc., 997-BR-91.
The claimant was working in Japan when he was notified that his mother,
who resided in New Jersey, was in a coma and could die
at any time. The claimant quit his job and went to New
Jersey to be with his mother. This was a personal reason
of a compelling nature, that left him no reasonable alternative
other than to leave his employment. Since the claimant
did not leave because he was required to care for his
mother, documentation of his mother's medical condition
is not required. Lahood v. University of Maryland, Asian Division, 2096-BR-92.
No reasonable alternative to quitting existed where the employer listed
a number of alternatives at the unemployment hearing,
but where none had been actually offered to the claimant
when she brought up her problem in the course of the employment.
Therefore, the claimant quit for valid circumstances.
Pearson v. Annapolis Life Care, Inc., 1013-BR-92.
Every employee, at some point in her career, has transportation
problems. Only when the problems are so severe as to be
necessitous or compelling, and where it has been shown that
there was no reasonable alternative other than to quit,
do transportation problems amount to valid circumstances.
Griffin v. Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1313-BR-93.
After the claimant did not show up for a ride to work, he was told
that he would not be picked up anymore. The claimant did
not show up for work after that. The claimant's leaving
was without good cause or valid circumstances. Perry
v. Fredco Construction Company, 399-BH-88.
The claimant lost his transportation through his own fault when his
car was repossessed. Therefore, he had no valid circumstances
for voluntarily quitting. Young v. Robert F. Thorne,
The claimant voluntarily quit because he had no transportation after
his car broke down. The claimant made every attempt to
get to the job but was unable to do so. The claimant tried
to get a loan to repair his car but was unable to obtain
one. The claimant voluntarily quit without good cause,
but with valid circumstances. Avery v. Robert A. Kinsley, Inc., 240-BR-91.
The claimant voluntarily quit after only three days of car trouble.
She failed to make an extensive investigation of transportation
alternatives and failed to explain why the problem was
intractable. The employer had not given the claimant a
final warning. The claimant voluntarily quit without good
cause or valid circumstances. Ellinger v. Howard County Government, 422-BR-91.
The claimant was hired to begin work at 7:00 a.m. at a location that
was not accessible by public transportation at that hour.
At first, the claimant rode with a coworker. Later, the
employer let him use a company vehicle. The employer's
withdrawal of its offer of the use of the vehicle, after
the claimant worked one year in these circumstances, constitutes
a valid circumstance. Appleman v. B and J Pool Contractor, Inc., 21-BR-93.
Although transportation to and from the job site is primarily the
responsibility of the employee, the claimant's inability
to obtain other transportation at an hour when public
transportation is not available, constitutes valid circumstances
for resignation. Johnson v. Direct Marketing Association, 1814-BR-82.
The claimant lost, through no fault of his own, his only transportation
to a job located 50 miles from his home. The claimant
accepted this job despite the distance to alleviate his
previous unemployment. The claimant's resignation was
not for good cause, but was for valid circumstances.
Apson v. Kenster Tri-State and Company, 655-BH-83.
3. Distance from Work
The claimant voluntarily moved a distance of 37 miles
from her place of employment and then resigned due to
distance. No effort was made to resolve the transportation
problems. The claimant's resignation was without good
cause or valid circumstances. Ennis v. Ramada Hotel, 701-BH-84.
The claimant received threats on her life and for this reason moved
60 miles from her place of work. The claimant resigned
due to distance. The reason for the claimant's resignation
was personal in nature and does not constitute good cause.
However, the claimant had a compelling personal reason
for resigning, and valid circumstances were supported.
Riggs v. Technitrol, Inc., 922-BR-85.
The claimant worked for a year on a job that was about 400 miles from
his family. He could only see his family on weekends.
He was also angry with the employer about a bonus which
he mistakenly believed was due him. The claimant quit
with valid circumstances since he worked extremely far
from home and did make an effort to keep working even
at the cost of his personal convenience. Ruckert v.
Mr. Kool Service Company, Inc., 243-BH-87.
4. Health Problems
a. In General
The claimant had to breast feed her baby and would have
had to work in an area of various chemical exposures which
could be dangerous to breast feeding. The employer would
not extend her leave. The claimant's leaving was for a necessitous
and compelling reason and she had no reasonable alternative
other than to leave. Her documentation and testimony was
sufficient to find valid circumstances. Mills v. Martin
Marietta Corporation, 353-BR-89.
The claimant worked 20 hours per week and the job required riding a
bus to five different locations per week. This was quite
stressful, and caused the claimant's diabetes to worsen.
At times she felt shaky and was having problems seeing.
The claimant had a necessitous and compelling reason for
leaving her job and had no reasonable alternative but
to do so. This constitutes valid circumstances. Macon
v. Department of Health, 465-BH-89.
The claimant accepted employment knowing that he would be assigned
to a trailer which was over 1,000 feet away from the nearest
restroom. However, the claimant's stomach problems required
that he be near a restroom at all times. When the claimant
was unable to work with the restroom so far away, he quit
without informing the employer of the problem. Good cause
cannot be found where the employer was not informed of
the claimant's health problem so that an accommodation
might be made. However, valid circumstances are supported.
Dunn v. Goodwill Industries, 286-BR-84.
The claimant was physically unable to perform a new assignment, due
to a documented medical problem of which the employer
was aware. The claimant explained this to the employer,
but the employer insisted that the claimant perform the
work or quit. The claimant's decision to quit rather than
continue to risk his health is a voluntary quit for good
cause. Leech v. Leonard W. Kearney, et al., 830-BH-93.
b. Evidentiary Requirements
The claimant voluntarily quit because he was experiencing
severe stress and burnout on the job. The claimant produced
medical documentation confirming this. The claimant's
psychological condition was a substantial cause for quitting.
The claimant voluntarily quit without good cause, but
with valid circumstances. Friedman v. Maryland Treatment
Center, Inc., 1340-BR-91.
The claimant quit without notice after he informed the employer that
he was having back problems. Although the claimant produced
medical documentation that he suffers from "low back syndrome,"
he had been working at his job up until his last day of
work without any noticeable problems or complaints. The
claimant's doctor's notes do not match the claimant's
actions and statements prior to his last day of work.
The Board found no significant medical injury. The claimant
quit without good cause or valid circumstances. Shaffer
v. McHenry, 838-BH-90.
There is no requirement under Section 8-1001(c)(2) that the medical
document state that the claimant's physician specifically
advised her to quit the employment. Miles v. Patriarch, Inc., 1982-BR-93.
The medical documentation required under Section 8-1001(c)(2) of the
law need not state that the claimant is needed to assist
the ill person. Whether the claimant's assistance was
actually needed is an issue of fact which must be decided
based on the totality of the evidence presented. Winchester
v. Wareheim Air Brakes, Inc., 77-BR-93.
c. Reasonable Alternatives
The claimant voluntarily quit for valid circumstances
when he had serious, documented medical reasons for leaving
the job. The only alternative available to the claimant
was an unpaid leave of absence. The Board has held that
an unpaid leave of absence for an indefinite period of
time is not a reasonable alternative under Section 8-1001.
Since the claimant had no reasonable alternative, he had
valid circumstances for leaving. Washington v. University
of Maryland Medical System, 1079-BR-91.
The claimant's back problems were aggravated by the conditions of her
employment. She has a valid circumstance for leaving the
employment because she had no reasonable alternative other
than to quit. The claimant's condition does not amount
to good cause because there is no evidence that the duties
of her position were any more onerous than would normally
be expected in such a job. Arnold v. Friends Lifetime
Care Baltimore, 767-BH-93.
d. Health of Another Individual
The claimant's husband was in an automobile accident and
he developed disk problems and arthritic problems in his
spine. His doctor recommended that he move to Tennessee
for the drier climate and the company of his relatives.
The claimant resigned to go with her husband and take
care of him. The claimant's spouse was ambulatory and
could drive a car, but he did need to have continuing
surgery on his spine and the claimant was required to
drive him to the doctor's office every other night. The
claimant's spouse's inability to work, the requirement
that the claimant take him to the doctor every other night,
and the necessity for further surgery constituted valid
circumstances for the claimant's leaving her employment.
Hurd v. Franklin Square Hospital, 684-BR-87.
The claimant took a leave of absence to care for her seriously ill
father. When she realized she needed a longer leave of
absence, she requested this from the employer, but her
request was denied. No other family members were available
to assist the claimant's father. The claimant subsequently
resigned. The claimant produced medical documentation
of her father's condition. The claimant voluntarily quit
without good cause, but with valid circumstances.
Leonard v. Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, 129-BH-91.
The claimant provided medical evidence that her daughters were ill,
however, the claimant's situation was not necessitous
or compelling. The claimant voluntarily quit without good
cause or valid circumstances. Jenkins v. Echelon Service
Although the claimant was pregnant, she was fully capable
of working, but did not wish to work anymore. The claimant
quit without valid circumstances. Gault v. Werner's, Inc., 24-BR-87.
The immediate cause of the claimant's quitting was her physical inability
to work, due to her pregnancy. In this case, there were
no reasonable alternatives available to the claimant at
the time she became disabled. She quit with valid circumstances.
Woods v. Triple Crown Restaurant, Inc., 616-BR-89.
5. Babysitting Problems
The claimant was required to abruptly change the shift that
she worked for years and did not have a chance to change
her child care arrangements. She had a valid circumstance
for leaving. Young v. Evergreen Health Group, 31-BR-88.
The claimant continued to work until she took a leave of absence because
of her advanced stage of pregnancy. In November, she told
the employer she would return to work in January, but
placed restrictions on the time and days she would work,
since she could only get a babysitter for certain hours
and days. The employer could not accommodate her. Her
leaving was without good cause or valid circumstances.
Hilderbrand v. NMCS, Inc., 549-BR-88.
The claimant, who quit her job due to the unexpected loss of her babysitter,
had no alternative but to leave. The claimant was unable
to find another babysitter and was not eligible for a
leave of absence. The claimant quit without good cause,
but with valid circumstances. Bond v. Rosewood Center, 770-BR-90.
The claimant quit when her day care was involuntarily terminated. The
claimant made a reasonable attempt to find alternative
care on short notice, but found it too late to keep the
job. The claimant voluntarily quit without good cause,
but with valid circumstances. Morrison v. Halper Eye
The claimant voluntarily quit because he had no one to care for his
daughter during the evening hours. Quitting one's job
due to child care problems is not good cause, but can
be valid circumstances if the situation is compelling
or necessitous and there is no reasonable alternative
to quitting. The claimant's situation meets these standards.
The claimant voluntarily quit without good cause, but
with valid circumstances. Norman v. Esskay, Inc., 470-BR-91.
A claimant who is incarcerated, but who is later released
without having been convicted of a crime, has not voluntarily
quit his job, provided that he has appropriately notified
his employer of his absence. Lansinger v. Baltimore
County Fire Department, 1305-BR-82.
Where the claimant was requested to contact his employer after his
trial, but did not do so, and where he also failed to
contact his employer upon the expiration of his three-day
jail sentence, his job abandonment was a voluntary quit,
without good cause or valid circumstances. Hicks v.
Francis Scott Key Medical Center, 976-BR-85.
7. Leaving to Accompany or Join a Spouse
NOTE: See Section II.B.2.